Professor MD Thomas Gösling
The role of human spine is difficult to overestimate. Orthograde position is something that makes humans different from animals and this distinction is provided by unique skeletal structure where vertebrae column plays one of the central parts. But not only that. The spinal cord is a main trunk-line of the peripheral nervous system that transmits information from peripheral nerves to the brain. All our motor activity depends on health of our spinal cord and when it is injured or destroyed by chronicle disease, it is important to have immediate professional help of a spine specialist.
Clinic of Braunschweig Clinic of Braunschweig offers comprehensive service in field of spine surgery carried out by specialists of Trauma and Orthopedics Surgery Clinic and Neurosurgery Department. Neurosurgeon MD Martin Willmann and trauma surgeon Ernst Rzesacz together performed a number of spine operations of different complexity. Top spine surgeons of the clinic have at hand a variety of techniques using them with individual approach to every patient.
Spine surgery types can be divided based on problem, method and segment of the spinal cord treated. There are five sections of the spine cord including cervix, thorax, lumbar spine, sacral spine and coccyx. The problems in different regions are nearly the same but often they require different approach.
Spinal stenosis is a condition when the spinal canal becomes narrowed that results in spinal cord compression. The main symptoms of stenosis are pain, tingling, numbness and weakness in related area. There are a few surgical procedures to relieve the symptoms and eliminate compression as following:
Vertebras in the spine are separated by intervertebral discs that function as shock-absorbers. At certain conditions interveterbral discs can bulge and develop hernias that compress spinal nerves and cause pain. The following kind of spine operations are used to eliminate this condition
Corpectomy is removal of the vertebra body to lessen compression in the spine.
Costotransversectomy is removal of a part of the rib adjoined to the vertebra. Normally the procedure is done together with surgery of the vertebra body.
During spinal fusion surgery two vertebras are joined together to stabilize spine in order to eliminate pain caused by motion. This procedure reduces flexibility of the spine but allows avoiding severe pain produced during motion.
One of the important directions of spinal surgery is benign and malignant tumor removal. I case of the later, the specialists from Cancer Center are involved. The purpose of surgery is complete removal of the tumor and stabilizing the spinal cord. Sometimes surgery on removal is followed by spinal fusion or other stabilizing procedures.
Trauma Center of Clinic of Braunschweig offers both emergency surgery service and complex restoration of traumatic damages of spine after sports injuries or accidents. The different techniques may be used from traditional open spine surgery to modern minimally invasive techniques.
Endoscopic minimally invasive methods appeared relatively recent but they are already widely used in all the surgery areas including spine operations. The distinctive features of this type of surgery are smaller incision and using special optical device endoscope which allows translating images from the site of surgery on monitor where surgeon can see the details. Spring approach has advantages as shorter recovery time and reducing of complications as bleeding, infection and other problems associated with open surgery.
Robotic surgery is the newest version of endoscopic surgery when operation is made with robotized device controlled by surgeon by means of computer. The method allows removing smaller parts of tumors in case of metastases or performs accurate spine neurosurgery.
Though using of laser surgery for spine is still contradictory, nowadays laser is often applied for disk decompression.
Among the variety of surgical techniques patients hardly can decide independently what kind of treatment they need. If you are considering on spine surgery, please contact our specialists. In our Spine Clinic we will suggest you the full range of diagnostics services and a number of treatment options.