Professor MD Ulrich Weber
While glaucoma is pretty often diagnosed during the first year of child’s life, and is inborn, there is one other type of disease. So-called secondary glaucoma is acquired during lifetime, and is caused by eye traumas and other exterior condition. What causes this disease, and how it is diagnosed and treated in the Clinic of Braunsweig?
This is a medical condition when increased intraocular pressure leads to the damage of the optic nerve. In comparison with primary glaucoma, secondary occurs as the result of traumas or environmental conditions. Increasing pressure blocks the drainage of fluid from eyes, leading to gradual eye loss.
Secondary glaucoma is often triggered by eye injury, serious inflammation, some drugs (especially, steroids), and later stages of cataract and diabetes. Treatment of secondary glaucoma depends on what it is caused by, but typically presupposes laser or traditional surgery and eye medications.
Exfoliative Glaucoma takes place when the outer layer of lens starts exfoliating within the eye. This material gathers in the space between iris and the cornea, and creates blockage in the drainage system of the eye. As the result, eye pressure rises.
Neovascular Glaucoma occurs when new blood vessels in the iris are formed incorrectly. This disease never occurs on its own – usually, it is accompanied by diabetes. New blood vessels don’t let eye fluid to exit normally, causing increased eye pressure.
Pigmentary Glaucoma happens when pigment components in the back part of the iris interfere with clear fluid within the eye. Getting into drainage canals, they gradually clog them and cause increasing eye pressure.
Traumatic Glaucoma is conditioned by eye injury. As a rule, it results into open-angle glaucoma, and may appear either right after the injury, or years later. Such condition is caused by bruising injuries, or eye penetration.
Uveitic Glaucoma happens when the uvea (the middle layer of eye) swells and inflames. This layer provides the major part of blood supply into the eye. Glaucoma often occurs when inflammation gets worse or is caused by medications to treat it.
At early stages, secondary glaucoma does not trigger any inconvenience, pain or vision problems. The condition is first found after a visit to doctor, when he examines the eyes. You cannot identify the disease on your own, this is why it is important to make regular visits to your optician every 1-2 year for glaucoma to be revealed early enough.
At later stages, vision becomes worse: people lose a significant amount of vision field. Reading, using stairs and driving becomes inconvenient. If glaucoma is not treated, a person may even lose the center of vision. It will complicate all routine processes. Another symptom of secondary glaucoma is cloudy vision (the picture becomes hazy).
It is very important to start treatment of secondary glaucoma as soon as possible, because vision can become worse over the time, and patient may not even notice that.
All treatment options in the Clinic of Braunsweigare aimed to reduce intraocular pressure to the level where the damage of optic nerve may be prevented. That can be achieved with the help of pills, eye drops, laser treatment and traditional surgeries. Every method has its pros and cons, and should be selected according to patient’s health condition and the type of disease.
Eye drops are typically used at the first stage of disease, while the strongest water tablets can be used to heal eyes during secondary glaucoma. However, medications is a temporary form of treatment, because they do not reduce eye pressure forever. As a rule, laser iridotomy or surgical iridectomy are performed to restore normal pressure. They help to open up the blockage and provide sufficient drainage.
Wonder where you can get a consistent level of service and safe treatment of secondary glaucoma? We recommend going to Germany, because local clinics (especially, the Clinic of Braunsweig) have everything to deal with glaucoma normally:
The Clinic of Braunsweig is the best option for people from all over the world, because it ensures great level of service and helps people with the most complicated diseases.