Laser Cataract Surgery
Laser cataract surgery is the latest method of cataract removing used in eye surgery in Germany along with popular ultrasound technique. Laser surgery is considered safer as there is a less chance to cause damage to the eye and more accurate. Often the only reason why a laser is not used for eye surgery is a high cost of laser devices. In the Clinic of Braunschweig, Germany, we have four eye lasers of different types and offer safe and quick laser cataract surgery to our patients.
Cataract is an eye disease developing when people growing older. If in early fifties only about 5% of the people have developed cataract, in age 70-80 already more than 50% suffer reduced vision of cataract.
Cataract is caused by a process of degeneration of the eye lens protein, resulting in a clouding of the crystalline lens of the eye. Developing, the disease may produce the following symptoms:
- Vision reduction (in case of nuclear cataract)
- Unclear and clouded (like through fog) vision
- Glaring of bright light
- Halos around sources of light
- Difficulties seeing in the darkness
If you have any of the above symptoms, first you need a careful examination of your eye as the same symptoms may be present with other eye diseases. In our clinic you will find all possible kinds of diagnostics equipment; our ophthalmologist will carry out diagnosis, according to the latest standards of eye health care in Germany.
Laser Cataract Surgery vs Traditional Surgery
The main difference between laser cataract surgery and traditional techniques including phacoemulsification (phaco) that all the stages of an operation as the following are performed by a laser:
- Incision in the cornea
- Removing of the anterior part of the capsule
- Fragmentation of a cataract
With traditional surgery, an incision in the cornea to reach the inner layers of the eyes is made by a metal or diamond tool. The great surgeon skill is required to perform the incision precisely in that way to be able to self seal after finishing the operation.
With laser cataract surgery, the incision is made by a laser and its exact location is pre-calculated with the help of 3-D imaging, so there is a less room for mistake. Another thing is that using laser for cuts in the cornea reduces the risk of infections.
Removal of the anterior eye capsule
The next step is so called capsulotomy which is a removal of the anterior part of the eye capsule to reach a cataract. In traditional technique this operation is done by a tiny needle named a forceps by a surgeon who first opens the capsule and removes a portion of the capsule around.
With laser cataract surgery, this operation is also done by a laser which allows achieving a high preciseness, which is necessary to leave the remaining part of the capsule intact.
After the capsulotomy is done, a surgeon should perform a work of cataract destroying. In phaco technique, it is done with ultrasound energy which breaks clouded protein up. Using and ultrasound device, it is possible to burn the edges of the incision that may lead to unpredictable side effects including astigmatism.
With laser cataract surgery, the cataract is softened by the laser and it takes less energy to break it up completely that reduces the risk of burning and capsule damage. The remnants of the lens are sucked away.
The next is to be done is placing an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) instead of clouded crystalline lens removed. The role of the laser in this process is that it provides high accuracy of all the previous step which considered allows better centering and easier positioning of IOLs.
One of the advantages of using laser in cataract surgery is a possibility to combine cataract removing with astigmatism correction to reduce the need in eyewear after the operation. The essence of astigmatism correction is making limber relaxing incisions to slightly change the corneal shape that improves a vision. It is also possible to do manually, but with laser cataract surgery, you can design the both surgeries in one 3D plan providing more preciseness and accuracy.
Now we can summarize the above and see how using of laser can benefit both a surgeon and a patient.
Advantages of laser cataract surgery
- High preciseness of all the operations
- Less energy is required to break up the cataract
- Less risk of complications as corneal detachment
- Possibility to correct astigmatism in one surgery
- Less risk of inflammations and swelling of the eyes
- Quicker performance and faster recovery
Find Your Doctor in Germany
Accuracy is own main point when we perform laser cataract surgery in Germany. That is the reason why we choose to use a laser in eye surgery in the Clinic of Braunschweig. Our three operating doctors and a team of assistants and nurses will take care of you at every stage of your treatment from diagnosis to rehabilitation. The cost of laser cataract surgery in Germany is higher than operation by other methods, but it is reasonable and worth it, as the benefits of eye laser ensure you save and easy procedure with rarer complications. Call us to make an appointment at the Clinic of Braunschweig, Germany.