Glaucoma in Children
Quite often, glaucoma is revealed in newborn babies and small children. Although this is a serious disease, it can be cured successfully, if you choose the right place. Let’s discover the peculiarities of glaucoma in children and find out why in the Clinic of Braunsweigit is treated safely and effectively.
What is Glaucoma in Children?
Most often referred to as congenital glaucoma, this disease occurs in newborn babies, and young children. It is called so because of being an inborn condition: drain canals develop abnormally during pregnancy which causes increased eye pressure. Growing pressure affects the optic nerve which connects eye to the brain, and leads to gradual loss of vision.
Usually, pediatric glaucoma is primary – it is present at birth. Causes of this condition are not identified. Is it hereditary? Yes, about 10% of congenital glaucoma is inherited, and is connected with a mutation of a specific gene. Besides, such inherited diseases as neurofibromatosis and aniridia are also connected with glaucoma. Sometimes secondary glaucoma may develop (it is caused by eye injury, previous eye operations, steroid use and other medications).
Generally, glaucoma in children occurs rarely (about 1 in 10,000 births). But the above mentioned conditions increase the chance of disease. For instance, 50% of kids with aniridia are likely to develop glaucoma during lifetime.
Symptoms of Glaucoma in Children
Sometimes, there may be no symptoms of glaucoma in children an all. However, sooner or later the following problems may appear:
- Photophobia (strong sensitivity to light);
- Haziness of the cornea;
- Enlarged cornea or eye;
- Overflow of tears;
- Gradual loss of vision.
The most common sign of pediatric glaucoma is a cloudy cornea: it is not totally transparent due to the excess of fluid or tissue swelling. They gather in the outer and middle layers of the cornea. Thus, proper inspection of child’s eyes should be made after birth: it will reveal defects of eye layers and raised ocular pressure. Decreasing eye pressure, you can relieve these symptoms in your kid.
In case of acute glaucoma, some other body symptoms may take place. These include loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, irritability. On the contrary, slow chronic disease does not cause pain and discomfort.
Treatment of Glaucoma in Children
As a rule, both medications and surgery are used to get rid of structural defects (if glaucoma is not too complicated). Medical treatment presupposes taking pills and using eye drops. They either increase drain of fluid, or reduce the production of fluid in eye – both approaches allow lowering ocular pressure.
As for surgical treatment in the Clinic of Braunsweig, there are two main options: laser surgery and filtering operation. Generally, the procedure consists of three steps:
- Laser surgery is used to make openings in eye tissue, while filtering surgery is aimed at creating a drainage canal with the help of tiny surgical tools. Both methods correct abnormal anatomy of eye, providing an alternative way for fluid to leave it. As for filtering surgery, there are two main types: goniotomy and trabeculotomy. As for goniotomy, it requires making a cut across the eye and placing a special lens on the eye to make up for proper visualization of eye. However, often cornea is not clear enough, and surgeons resolve to trabeculotomy which can be performed from the external eye surface.
- Since child’s body heals well, it may try to close the new opening, so the above mentioned operations are often repeated again to create the openings again. This is why after the surgery, it is important to apply medications to the surface of the eye. If you notice a light elevation of the conjunctiva and filtering “bubbles”, it means that the results of operation are good. Sometimes drainage implants are put, if primary procedure does not help.
- To reduce the production of fluid, cyclodestructive procedures are performed.
German Clinics Are Ready to Help Your Child
As a caring parent, you want to find the best clinic possible for your child. We recommend the Clinic of Braunsweig: this is a top-notch German hospital that provides high-quality medical treatment for patients from all over the globe. Why going there?
- Prices for pediatric glaucoma treatment in Germany are 1/3 lower than in American and European clinics.
- Transportation costs are also moderately low.
- German doctors are real professionals: using multidisciplinary approach, they elaborately highly effective treatment plans, and perform therapy and surgeries accurately. State-of-art equipment is always at their disposal, so you can be sure in safety of all procedures.
The Clinic of Braunsweig has already helped hundreds small patients with pediatric glaucoma. You can be the next to enjoy the advantages of German medicine!