PD MD Wolfgang Harringer
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is abnormal development of the heart anatomical structure present at birth. It can be valves defects, vessels problem or underdevelopment of the heart ventricles. The root of the disorder is difficult to determine as it starts in a fetal stage. According to the stats, 8-12 babies of 1000 are born with congenital heart defects. In most cases, it does not mean death sentence but, nevertheless, CHD remains one of the main reasons of the death at birth or in early age.
The causes of CHD stay unclear. There are certain risk factors that could create conditions for congenital defects as:
It is known that more risk of abnormal development occurs in a fifth week of pregnancy when the heart starts developing. But you should note that there is no direct cause and condition relation between above factors and developing congenital heart disorder in fetus. If you think on prevention of possible heart problems in prenatal stage just keep healthy style of life.
It sounds menacingly when you said that your child has congenital defect but do not forget that nowadays more that 80% percent of the cases of CHD in children are successfully treated started from possibility to live as other kids but with certain limitations till complete recovery.
Pediatric cardiology offers a number of diagnostics tools and treatment options. If your suspect your baby has CHD, first what you need is accurate diagnostics.
Kinds of CHD vary depending on degree and anatomy. Among the common defects you could name:
The heart defects can be present separately or together. Some of them can be revealed immediately after birth but other can last for years before they are found. Many people having CHD from birth were diagnosed only when adult. Depending of severity the treatment can be rather mild or radical as surgical intervention.
Some congenital heart defect can stay without treatment but mostly those conditions require quiet serious treatment. Below you can find some common problems and the way how to eliminate them:
Thanks to multidisciplinary structure, Clinic of Braunschweig provides complex treatment of congenial heart disease both for children and adult. Depending on degree and complexity of CHD different department can be involved as Heart Surgery Department, Cardiology Department, Pediatric centers and others. After diagnostics with modern means you will be advised conservative or surgical treatment with following rehabilitation. The qualified specialists of the Clinic of Braunschweig focus on choosing optimal methods in accordance with the patient situation.
If you need help of experienced doctor to find the best solution, please contact us and we will try to meet all of your requirements. Our specialists will give you detailed information on possible treatment and design individual treatment.