Professor MD Wolfgang Hoffmann
Small intestine cancer is malignant tumor in bowels of the longest part of digestive tract where the most of food is absorbed. There are three sections in the small intestine, they are duodenum (uppermost adjacent to stomach), jejunum and ileum. The most cancers develop in the duodenum, followed then with the jejunum and ileum.
In early stage small intestine cancer reveal no symptoms and you may live for years without any distinct sign having malignant disease. Later a number of symptoms may appear as:
Of course, any of above symptoms may be related to many disorders of digestive tract, so it is important to see the doctor for examination.
On the latest stages of intestine cancer you may experience some other problems:
But again most of those symptoms quite unspecific and you need thorough diagnostics to determine the root of the problems.
In advanced stage when tumor is large enough, obstruction of the bowel can happen. In this case intestine is completely blocked, nothing can come out and this condition is accompanied with severe vomiting.
Most of the methods of diagnostics of small intestinal cancer are the same as for all the others types of cancer:
The main types of cancer of small intestine are:
Adenocarcinoma is more often occurs in women than in men. Often small intestine cancer starts from small neoplasm that even can be benign but then to transform to cancerous lesion. That is the reason to remove all the tumors found in the intestine to prevent possible development.
Small intestine cancer is relatively rare but, if it happens surgery is the most common treatment. If cancer detected in earlier stage, there are good chances to eliminate malignant disease completely. For this purpose cancerous tumor is removed together with a portion of intestine.
Depending on location of the tumor and individual situation different approaches may be used. It is possible to perform operation for small intestinal cancer by traditional method, endoscopy or laparoscopy. Sometimes the other organs are involved. For example, sometimes Whipple procedure can be decided that involve removing the duodenum, a lower part of stomach, a portion of pancreas, the end of bile duct and related lymph nodes.
In advanced stage 4, surgery is often used as palliative procedure to relieve pain and remove blockage. In other case, the tumor can stay in place but surgeon may create bypass around blockage.
Cancer Center of Braunschweig is interdisciplinary institution working in cooperation with other clinics in departments. Treatment of intestinal cancer may involve not only oncologysts and oncosurgeons but also specialists from Radiology Department, Clinic of General and Visceral Surgery with great experience in abdominal and stomach surgery. We try to find the best solutions helping you to cope with cancer. We also offer physiological support for cancer patient and attentive care of experienced nurses.
Earlier you turn to a doctor more chances you have to cure your disease. 5-years survival rate for small intestine cancer is 55% on stage 1 but 5% only on stage 4. Take your chance for longer life, apply for examination now.