Professor MD Wolfgang Hoffmann
Metastatic cancer is secondary cancer that travels from initial lesion throughout the body. The liver is one of the common sites of appearing of metastases. Although primary cancer also can occur in liver but metastatic cancer is more common.
Metastatic liver cancer has quite low survival rate as it is normally produced by cancer at stage 4 in another part of the body. More often metastases are spread to the liver by breast cancer stage 4 or colon cancer stage 4. But in any case, there are always some treatment options. Earlier you detect it more chances for survival you have.
Appearing of secondary tumors (metastases) is long and unpredictable process. It is considered it follows according to below scheme:
Finally, in distant location new malignant lesion appears.
In early stages liver cancer can cause no symptoms. When it comes to advanced stage it may lead to symptoms as following:
If any suspicion for metastatic liver cancer it is important to undertake complete diagnostics to reveal possible secondary cancerous lesion. For these purposes a doctor uses the following means:
There are a number of options for metastatic liver cancer as:
Surgery for metastatic cancer in liver is used when a tumor is small and well localized. In this case operation of liver resection is possible.
The surgery on liver is a challenge for surgeon as there are many blood vessels passing through the liver. Another reason that it is easily possible to damage the liver as its tissue is rather tender. Liver resection is usually performed by experienced surgeon. It is more often done in open surgery and takes 2-3 hours. In case if metastatic cancer has spread from the colon the removal of primary and secondary tumors can be done in one surgery. When surgery is followed with chemotherapy it increases chances for survival.
There is no certain prognosis for metastatic liver cancer as it depends on numerous factors as location and success in treatment of primary lesion, stage of revealing type of the tumor and others. You should keep in your mind that spreading of metastases is always means advanced stage cancer.
Cancer Center of Braunschweig is multidisciplinary institution for treatment of cancer of any type and any extent. We always have our goal in increasing of life expectancy and improving of patient’s quality of life. Working together with our colleagues from Radiology Department and Surgery Clinic we do our best to give our patients comprehensive service according to their diagnosis and degree of the problem.